TPG Becomes 2022’s First Big I.P.O.

The private equity firm TPG is set to begin trading on the Nasdaq this morning, after pricing its I.P.O. at a $9 billion valuation. Going public is the latest milestone for the 30-year-old firm — but now it must convince investors that it can compete with its publicly traded rivals.

TPG’s listing is the first big stock market debut of the year, with bankers closely watching its performance to monitor the health of the I.P.O. business. (The software company Justworks postponed its offering yesterday, citing market conditions.) TPG sold shares at $29.50, the midpoint of its expected price range.

Going public will help prepare the firm for the future, its leaders say. Having a publicly traded stock will give the firm a new way of compensating employees and a currency for buying new businesses. TPG is also using proceeds from the I.P.O. to buy out minority stakes held by outside investors. (Its leaders are not selling any of their holdings.)

It is going public at an auspicious time for publicly traded private equity. Rivals like Blackstone and KKR have outpaced the S&P 500 over the past year, though TPG executives say they began planning the I.P.O. before the surge in those stocks.

But TPG must prove it can grow. Critics note that TPG is smaller than its peers — it manages $109 billion, a fraction of the $731 billion that Blackstone oversees — and more dependent on traditional leveraged buyouts, a lumpy business, for revenue. The firm’s executives counter that TPG was among the first firms to push into growth equity, including early investments in Uber and Airbnb, and that it was ahead of the curve on E.S.G., with good performance. “We have always been builders and innovators,” Jim Coulter, the firm’s co-founder and executive chairman, told DealBook. “We are very proud of what we have built.”

Executives acknowledge that TPG has scope to diversify. While Jon Winkelried, the firm’s C.E.O., said that “we don’t need to do anything,” he added that there were “certain parts of the market that we’re currently not in” that made sense to enter. That may include credit investment funds, a big business for the other publicly traded private equity firms that TPG will now be compared with more directly.

Rising housing costs make policymakers nervous. Higher rents are an issue for the Fed to weigh as it considers raising interest rates: Lael Brainard, President Biden’s nominee for vice chair of the central bank, plans to tell lawmakers at a hearing today that inflation is “too high.” And Patrick Harker, the president of the Philadelphia Fed, said he would back more than three rate hikes this year.

Donald Trump publicly backs booster shots. The endorsement by the former president, who has said he has received a third dose of a coronavirus vaccine, comes as many of his supporters are resisting Covid vaccinations. Trump added that politicians who refused to say whether they had received a booster were “gutless.”

The I.R.S. starts 2022 with a huge backlog. The agency has at least 10 million unprocessed returns from last year, compounding what it already warned would be a messy filing season. Officials attributed the buildup to a lack of funding and to resources being diverted to process stimulus payments last year.

Congress weighs banning lawmakers from trading stocks. Both Senator Josh Hawley, Republican of Missouri, and Senator Jon Ossoff, Democrat of Georgia, plan to introduce proposals to limit the practice after growing criticism. Relatedly, Senator Tommy Tuberville, Republican of Alabama, disclosed buying shares and options in Alibaba of China another time — despite being a vocal critic of Beijing.

Robinhood embraces permanent remote working. The online brokerage became the latest company to adopt the practice, though some employees may need to live near an office for regulatory or business reasons. Robinhood added that it would introduce mentorship programs for workers from underrepresented groups.

Investors are increasingly worried that inflation may derail the economic recovery. Yesterday provided new cause for concern: The government reported that consumer prices rose at their fastest pace in 40 years.

That is hitting people’s wallets, but has done little to slow corporate America’s profit boom. “We’re going to have the best growth we’ve ever had this year, I think since maybe sometime after the Great Depression,” Jamie Dimon, the JPMorgan Chase C.E.O., told CNBC this week, speaking of the economy in general.

Earnings season is about to begin, with four of the nation’s largest financial firms, BlackRock, Citigroup, JPMorgan Chase and Wells Fargo all publishing their latest quarterly results tomorrow, before the market opens. Investors will listen for what executives have to say about the effect of inflation, supply chain disruptions and other pandemic issues. Here’s some of what you can expect in the next few weeks:

  • Omicron is not yet hitting bottom lines. Earnings reports covering the fourth quarter won’t capture the full effect of the recent surge in coronavirus cases: Analysts say that the current quarter is when the coronavirus variant will do the most damage to corporate finances. Fourth-quarter earnings for the S&P 500 are expected to show growth of 22 percent versus the same period in 2020, but growth in the first quarter of this year is expected to be around 6 percent, according to FactSet. Delta Air Lines just reported higher-than-expected revenue and profit for the fourth quarter, but said it expected to record a loss in the first quarter.

  • Higher prices have been good for some companies’ profit margins. Executives spent last quarter warning about higher wages and shipping costs. In the end, many companies were able to raise their prices by as much, or more, than the increase in costs, and holiday sales came in stronger than anticipated. So, even with the highest inflation in decades, reported profit margins are expected to be high — and rising. “The Wall Street consensus is that profit margins will break above prior peaks this year,” Ohsung Kwon, a U.S. equity strategist at Bank of America, told DealBook. “What that implies is that analysts expect supply chain problems and labor shortages will moderate soon. We don’t think those issues will go away so quickly.”

  • As margins expand, expect more talk about raising corporate taxes. Corporate profits have become a political issue in the debate about the causes of inflation. If this earnings season features a series of reports showing expanding margins at a time when consumer prices are surging, the voices calling for companies to pay more tax could grow louder.

— Chris Giancarlo, a board member of the American Financial Exchange and former chairman of the C.F.T.C., on the London interbank offered rate, or Libor. The interest-rate benchmark long underpinned trillions of dollars in contracts, but was undone by a market-rigging scandal. The Times’s Lananh Nguyen and Jeanna Smialek wrote its obituary.

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